Do you know that you can cut wood without a saw? Sounds surprising, isn’t it?
When it comes to cutting wood, there is nothing better than using a saw, but what if the saw is not available? You should know what to do in such a scenario.
However, if you are not aware of it already, this article will thoroughly guide you, and you will be able to do wood cutting without a saw.
Though it sounds pretty crazy, there is an alternative to almost everything. Various wood cutting tools are available in the market for this purpose.
In this guide, you will come to know a few surprising choices that might blow you, but a bit of knowledge never goes wrong. Let’s begin the guide.
Table of Contents
What You Need to Cut Wood Without Saw
If the wood cutting saw is not available, ensure that you have the below-mentioned tools for wood cutting. Tools for cutting wood include:
Besides these tools, you should also have a few safety measurements in order to protect yourself throughout this work. The safety measures include:
8 Best Ways to Cut Wood Without Saw
Here are some of the ideal methods using which you can chop or cut any piece of wood without using a saw.
1. Cutting Wood Using a Chisel
A chisel is a cutting tool that is used for different purposes, including wood cutting. It has sharp ends that help to cut wood easily. It helps to chop the corners, shave rough surfaces and also help to cut down the mortises.
Apart from these, you do not need a saw for wood cutting if it is available at home. It might be a fun fact if you were not already aware of it.
However, there is 1 disadvantage of using a chisel that is losing a large portion of wood while cutting. So how to begin cutting by using this fantastic piece?
Ensure that the edges are sharp so that you get the best possible results.
If the edges are rough, they will be challenging to use, and you won’t be able to cut the woods perfectly.
Don’t forget to put the mark on both sides of the chisel so that you have an idea of how much wood has been cut down. If you have to make numerous cuts, this part is more important.
Now start removing the wood and if you are not a pro at using a chisel, then better start removing the thin part first.
To cut the bottom part, vertically use the chisel by using the flat corner against the timber, and you are all done. However, if you are an experienced person, you can begin cutting from the bottom first.
It is how you can cut wood with a chisel if a saw is not available. It is undoubtedly one of the best alternatives but is a bit slow as compared to a saw and requires more time and effort.
2. Cutting Wood Using a Plane
A plane is another amazing tool that is specifically used to remove rough surfaces or corners. They are available in different sizes in the market and can be used to replace saws for wood cutting.
This tool might not be the most helpful way for wood cutting, but they are adequate to make the edges smooth.
Different types of planners are available in the market, including manual and electric. The electric planer is complicated when you are not an experienced person, so it better stick to a manual or hand plane.
In a hand planner, you have to run the tool across the board so that no edge is left unsmooth. It is the best tool for chopping wood.
3. Cutting Wood Using a Drill
Cutting woods with a drill machine is an easy task as compared to the above-mentioned methods. However, when you cut woods with a drill, it leaves rough edges.
To begin the process, mark a line on the wood that you want to cut. Now mark another line opposite the first line with a proper distance so that the driller easily fits in.
Now start drilling holes along with the lines making sure that not enough material is cut down and you get proper pieces. Once you are done, clear the wood edges with sandpaper.
The process is easy, but the finishing work takes time in order to make edges neat and clean.
One of the best things about using a driller is to get your hands on required wood shapes, whether they are simple or easy to make.
If you are a pro at using a driller machine, you can perform this task yourself; otherwise, go for a professional.
4. Cutting Wood Using a Router
If you are not familiar with this tool, it is another useful machine that has a smooth base while the rotating blade is helpful to cut the woods.
It easily cuts down the hard material be it wood or plastic. They are specifically used in woodcutting work so they can be one of the best replacements.
It is another simple method that makes woodcutting easy if you have the right forms and jigs.
Jigs and forms are available in different ways but the most common and appropriate ones are in straight lines and circles.
It is helpful in cutting difficult woods but ensures to wear safety gloves before starting cutting because it might leave cuts on your hands.
5. Cutting Wood Using a Lathe
Here comes another easy method to do wood cutting when you don’t have a saw available. A lathe is an amazing machine that is specially used to shape the woods.
The primary use of this machine is to get rid of unnecessary material parts. To get the fine detailing, the lathe is the best device.
To begin the process, place the center of the wood between the center of the lathe machine. It is how you can make the cuts in order to get the refined piece.
Now slowly start cutting the wood piece. By putting the stable pressure, start removing the material from the wood. You can remove it in different ways whether it be angular cuts or vertical cuts.
Once you are done with cutting, remove the machine. Remember that if you increase the speed of the machine, the surface will turn out to be more smooth.
6. Cutting Wood Using a Knife
Using a knife is another procedure that you can apply in cutting woods. However, before starting cutting ensure to wear safety gloves to save your hands from cuts.
Apart from gloves, a face mask is another important thing to carry. Now to begin the work ensures that the knife you have picked is sharp so that cutting is easy for you.
You can make the knife sharp with a dry or wet stone or by using a sharpening block. Now, to make the angled cut, you need to hold the knife blade against the wood.
Follow the same method on the other wood side as well in order to make the V-shape cut. You have to repeat the same process unless you cut the wood into two parts.
You can also cut wood with a knife by making small chip cuts. As you keep making cuts, the wood will become thin and it will be easy for you to cut the thin piece of wood down.
However, during the entire process ensure that you have the right type of knife. Cutting wood is easy with a knife.
7. Cutting Wood with a Sharp Axe
It is an ancient tool that came into being many years ago. People use this tool for wood cutting and other useful tasks to perform.
It is one of the common and quite easy ways to break down the wood if you do not have a saw. In all these years, the design has bit changed and it has become more powerful.
Once you have worn all the safety measures, you can begin the process. Mark the line where you want to cut the wood. Now you have to set the angle because cutting wood on an angle is important for fine finishing.
Put the axe at 45 degrees if you are cutting against the grain otherwise, keep it at 90 degrees if you are chopping with the grain.
Now, in order to make the V-shape, you have to create the cut on the other side of the wood as well. It is the same shape as the cut that you have to make using a sharp knife.
Keep repeating unless and until the wood becomes thin and ready to be cut off. Once you reach the final stage, you can change the angle.
By changing the angle, you can cut the wood fast. It is how you can chop the woods by using axe in the most simple way possible.
8. Cutting Wood Using a Sharp Machete
Let’s have a look at the last method with which you can easily break down the wood. It is another great replacement for a saw in case you need to urgently do wood cutting.
A machete is a tool that is quite similar to axe and is a broad blade with which you can easily do wood cutting.
Like a knife ensure that Machete is also sharp so that it is easy for you to do wood chopping. Wear all the safety measures and mark the line where you want to make the first cut.
It is better to mark x instead of straight-line machete strikes that are not so correct. The next part is to make the right angle of this tool like you did above.
Put the angle on 45 degrees if you are cutting the wood across the grain but if you want to cut down the wood fibers then better keep the angle at 90 degrees.
Once you start hitting the same spot, keep repeating. Now by using the V method, start hitting on the other side as well unless the wood breaks down.
With this process, the wood will become thin. You can snap the piece with your hands as well but if it is not thin enough to be snapped with your hands then use the tool. It is the best tool to cut wood.
FAQs – Frequently Asked Questions
Here are a few questions that people often ask regarding the wood cutting method. Let’s discuss them below for a better understanding of how to cut wood without a saw.
How Can I Cut Wood at Home without Tools?
You have various options for wood cutting if you do not have proper tools at home. You can use a sharp knife that is mostly available in everyone’s home.
The method to cut woods with a knife is already mentioned above.
What Can I Use Instead of A Saw?
If you don’t have a saw, you can use alternative ways to chop the wood. For instance, you can use a Lathe which is a sharp tool specially used for woodwork.
Moreover, you can get your hands on Chisel which is another great tool for this purpose. All the other alternatives are mentioned in this guide which you can utilize.
How Do You Cut Wood Straight by Hand?
Put the wood on the table and mark the straight line with a pen or marker. At 45 degree angle, start cutting with plywood and it is how you can make a smooth surface.
Can You Cut Wood with Scissors?
If you do not have a powerful tool for wood cutting, you can also use scissors. These industrial scissors also look like tools or weapons helpful for chopping wood.
They are available in different length sizes and they perfectly make a straight cut with smooth edges. Hence, it is the best tool that you can use for this purpose.
How Do You Cut a Board without A Table Saw?
Use a carpenter’s pencil in order to make a cut line along the width and length. Now, set the blade depth by using the wood edge as a reference. Make sure that the blade you are using is sharp enough to make a deep cut.
There is nothing better than a saw tool that perfectly cuts down the wood and gives smooth and clear edges.
However, if you are short of a saw and you want to immediately cut the wood you have various alternatives to consider.
In this guide, I have mentioned those alternatives that will help you perform this task accurately.
With a saw, you might face different challenges but you will be able to learn new skills with these new tools and machinery. Remember to make all these tools sharp so that it helps you in wood cutting.
I hope this guide answers the question: of how to cut wood without a saw. I am also sure this guide will help you out throughout the process.